Key Stage Five (Age 16/19)

Attainment at Key Stage Five recorded in NPD is at Level 3. It involves GCE AS Level and A Level, as well as a number of vocational courses.

Several NPD tables relate to Key Stage Five:

*Key Stage Five Candidate (Identifiers, gender, a check indicator for whether the young person was entered for at least one Level 3 qualification, "type of school", if "type of school is a college", type of college)
*KS5 Indicators A (Number of entries, overview of route - A Levels, IB, vocational - taken by student, points scores, prior achievement at GCSE)
*KS5 Indicators B (Number of passes at Grade A, number of passes at any grade)
*KS5 Indicators C (Grade achieved in each individual subject)

Data collection
Young people aged 16-19 may study either in school or in college.

The main administrative data set for students aged 16-19 (and 20 and over) in colleges is the Individual Learner Record (ILR). ILR data is merged into NPD to provide information about achievement in schools and colleges.

Maintained schools supply data on 16-19 year old pupils through the Schools Census. The main source of data about attainment is examinations data, collected through the examinations boards.

Validity of measure
Until 2010/2011 Key Stage Five data was present in NPD only for around 40% of the whole cohort of young people. Young people were omitted if they were not enrolled in school or college ("NET", not in education or training, rather than "NEET", not in employment, education or training). Young people aiming for qualifications below Level 3 were also omitted.

Key Stage Five data has mainly been used for measuring performance of schools and colleges, in the form of raw results and value-added results. These are published as the School and College Attainment Tables.

If full coverage is required, ILR and NPD data must be combined. For use of an additive method see Judith Watson and Andrew Church, "The Social Effects of Travel to Learn Patterns - A Case Study of 16-19 Year Olds in London. Local Economy, August 2009, Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 389-414. This assumes that few young people are simultaneously enrolled in a school and in a college. NPD and ILR may also be matched. Matching may be carried out on anonymous data if full postcode and full date of birth are present.

For information about matched data sets see .

Two NPD data sets including all young people in Key Stage Five enrolled in maintained schools (not colleges) have been released:

1) Participation (Data Service Ref. S02)
2010/11 data are taken from the 2010 Autumn Census and cover all students who enrolled on a course on or after 1 August 2010.
This dataset was released in January 2011.

2) Amended Examination (Data Service Ref. S05)
2009/10 data includes matched 2010/11 participation data from the 2010 Autumn Census with 2009/10 attainment data (taken from the ‘amended’

awarding body data (mostly KS5), NISVQ data, and the KS4/5 data used in Level 2/3 at 19) to give a full-year participation and achievements file for 2009/10 (NISVQ data and KS4/5 data from the Level 2/3 at 19 dataset have been included for the first time for 2009/10 as sources of attainment data) .

This dataset was released in February 2011.

Cleaning the variable
Stata code
SPSS code
Checks needed

Description of values across cohorts
By age groups
Over time
Stability within pupil